Panic attacks are no fun – as you’ll know if you’ve ever found yourself in a stressful situation with your head swimming, your heartbeat all over the place and your breathing out of control.
What some people don’t realise when the come to my hypnotherapy practise in London and Winchester is that panic attacks are always rooted in something very specific.
Your ‘trigger’ (in the present moment) has been set off by something from your past.
If you’re having a panic attack on a train platform, it’s probably because at some time in your life there was an incident on a train, on a train platform, or perhaps with a group of policemen and football fans on a packed intercity.
The trigger could be anything – maybe it’s the sound of a big engine, or the smell of diesel. It doesn’t matter: something in your past is linked to feelings of discomfort/stress/trauma, and you have been reminded of it right now.
Understanding EMLI – the cornerstone of panic attacks
E is for Event
The ‘E’ in EMLI stands for ‘event’, as I’ve just explained in the train example. None of us are born with a propensity for panic attacks: something has happened which effectively traumatised you.
M is for Meaning
The ‘M’ is that we make ‘meaning’ in that event; you tell yourself that this environment makes you have a panic attack, or this smell or that noise. For people who have PTSD, noise will very often trigger that reaction, and a panic attack is the same as post-traumatic stress, incidentally, it’s just got a different label.
L is for Landscape
The ‘L’ is that the attack changes the ‘landscape’ of your body. Your body is flooding itself with adrenaline, so it’s case of flight or fight or freeze in terms of what you perceive your options to be. Also cortisol, the stress hormone, is flooding your body, and that’s why it feels so bad.
A panic attack also changes the landscape of the brain. The amygdala, which is about the size of a grape, regulates all of our emotions, and once you’ve had the initial traumatic experience, the amygdala is a little like a radar that becomes switched on. From then on it will be scanning constantly for an event that might be like the first one. People hear a noise or see something that is reminiscent of the original trauma, the receptor is activated, and it gives them the response.
I is for Inescapability
The ‘I’ is the idea of ‘inescapability’: you feel trapped, either physically in your body or the situation that you’re in – or a combination of the two. It all happens in a fraction of a second, leading to a panic attack.
What we’re now able to do via techniques like Havening is actually switch that response off; Havening helps to dissolve the protein that holds that receptor in place and that’s how you can disconnect a panic attack – it forms a key part of our hypnotherapy for panic attacks treatment.
What’s interesting is that deep breathing isn’t recommended for panic attacks, what’s better is to stop breathing, to hold your breath. When people breathe too much they over-oxygenate their blood, which is likely to make a panic attack worse, whereas if you stop breathing the carbon dioxide level increases and that can help stop the panic attack.
While holding your breath may help alleviate the symptoms of the panic attack, it won’t get rid of what’s causing the panic attack. For that, a session or two with a hypnotherapist will normally get to the root of the problem and help to remove your established response to given situations.